What are the features, advantages and differences of IPS and LED panels? We explain it comprehensively.
When upgrading to a new monitor, one of the most important features you need to know is what screen technology your monitor has. Many different display technologies are used in monitors today, so knowing which panel is the best for acting is critical. Besides, there are a number of other details you need to know, from resolution to backlight technology. When you put all these things together, things can get a little confusing, but in this article, we simplify everything and eliminate the confusion of concepts: We explain the panel differences over IPS and LED monitors and end this confusion.
Before we go over the main differences, let’s take a look at the basics of what IPS and LED display technologies are.
What is an IPS monitor?
IPS stands for In Plane Switching and is a type of panel based on LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) technology. Monitors with IPS panels have better and better image quality compared to TN and VA counterparts.
IPS monitors are memorable with their best color accuracy and viewing angles, which makes them ideal for many different uses. The fact that an IPS monitor can have such a wide range of uses also brings extra costs, which makes them the highest cost panel among the panels on the market.
Today, we can say that LG stands out among many companies working on IPS panels. The company recently developed the world’s first IPS panel with a 1 ms reaction speed. This acquisition is an important development in order to destroy the perception that “no games can be played with IPS panels”. Thanks to LG’s breakthroughs, IPS panels are now fast enough for gaming too.
What is a LED monitor?
LED is short for Light Emitting Diode and is a backlight technology. This display technology uses LEDs to illuminate each pixel. Monitors with LED technology consume less power than other monitors, as well as provide a brighter and more stable display.
Technically, all LED monitors are LCD, but not all LCD monitors are LEDs. This may seem confusing, but all monitors use liquid crystals to produce the image. The main difference is in the backlight of the monitors.
LED monitors are generally cheaper, have a wider brightness range, are considered highly reliable, have a higher dynamic contrast ratio and have less negative impact on the environment.
IPS and LED Monitors: What Are the Main Differences?
Now that we have a better understanding of the basic qualities of IPS and LED monitors, let’s look at the areas where they differ.
If we start from the main area where they differ, IPS Monitors are the type of Panel Technology. LED Monitors are Backlight Technology. So an IPS monitor is also a LED monitor because the IPS panel has LED backlight behind it!
Even though the technologies differ, the two have enough compatibility to work with each other. Until 2014, plasma screens were popularly produced due to their display quality. But then LCD screens caught and quickly outdid plasma screens on issues such as image quality and brightness. Here, IPS panel and LED backlighting are two of the key factors behind this success of LCD displays.
Again, it is worth noting that the LED and IPS monitor both use LCD (Liquid Crystal Displays).
IPS monitors deliver images of specific quality, which means they need more power to keep up with what’s happening on the entire screen.
LED monitors can reach brighter screen levels but actually consume less power compared to IPS monitors. It is precisely the main factor that makes LED monitors such a common backlight technology today: Energy efficiency.
In the past, no one would oppose you when you said that a monitor with an IPS panel has a higher response time than a monitor using equivalent panels. However, the new IPS panel types that emerged with the advancing technology brought serious improvements in reaction speeds, and the panels that seem to be mediocre for gaming began to become ideal panels for games. In particular, LG’s IPS panel with the first 1 ms response time showed consumers that this technology can also be used in games.
But of course, before IPS completed this development, there were dominant panels in the market. IPS panels attracted great attention in user categories where acting and therefore reaction speed are not the top priority. But especially in the gaming-focused categories, monitors with TN or VA panels and LED-backlit monitors stood out.
LED monitors, which are typically TN or VA panels, have low 1ms response times but have worse viewing angles and color accuracy, so as technology improves, we see gamers moving to monitors with IPS panels.
Can you notice a really slow response time? While 5 – 10 ms values may seem small, noticeable differences can be felt by the user in fast-paced games such as CS: GO, PUBG, Fortnite, Overwatch and other FPS games in general. This is because the IPS monitor has to properly process the images before they are projected onto the screen.
Now monitors have it all. Incredible response times, high-quality IPS panels, refresh rates of up to 240 Hz or even more, and more provide gamers with a complete package for their viewing pleasure.
Whichever angle you view it from, IPS monitors allow you to see the screen from wide angles (exactly 178 °) without being subjected to color change. This means that you will not encounter annoying and annoying color changes when looking at the monitor from anywhere.
LED monitors may not have the advantage of wide viewing angles, but they can guarantee a brighter screen in every corner.
With IPS technology, which offers clear and vivid images with its saturated colors, you can get a much more satisfying experience with the benefit of more accurate color consistency.
LED monitors are poor in projecting the black color accurately on the screen, but still have deep contrasts. The viewing angle of an LED monitor may also be poor depending on the panel it is using, which can make the colors look rather strange and upsetting if you don’t sit directly in front of it. Viewing angles aren’t all that important when it comes to gaming, so if you sit straight ahead, you probably won’t notice much difference (in terms of viewing angle) between the two technologies.
There is no doubt that IPS monitors are generally expensive. However, especially gamers see LCD LED monitors as a suitable investment for FPS games or if your budget is limited.
For those who love single player AAA games, content creators or video editing, investing in a monitor with an IPS panel would be the right choice.
Temperature and warming
As mentioned earlier, IPS monitors consume more power, providing clear images. This extra power consumption means that IPS monitors emit more heat than their LED monitor counterparts.
Although LED monitors are brighter, they heat less thanks to low power consumption.
Even if there are differences in technology, it is possible to see options that combine the two technologies. Here are a few:
LCD monitors using IPS panels equipped with LEDs as backlight
LED backlit display feature on IPS or TN panels
IPS panels using LED or LCD backlight technology
After looking at the differences between IPS and LED technology types, we conclude that comparing the two is really not fair. Because one is LCD panel technology, the other is LCD backlight technology. Therefore, besides their common areas, there are many points where they differ and succeed independently from each other.
But at the end of the day, IPS monitors are a great choice for professionals who are graphics-priority games, creating content or editing images and videos. It is perfect for obtaining sharp images and playing games with quality colors, and with its reduced response times, it is now also preferable for FPS players.